The term ‘artificial intelligence’ refers to the intelligence portrayed by the machines. It is a branch of ‘computer science’ that deals with the study of intelligent agents. The term finds its varied application in areas where machines are involved in tasks such as ‘learning’ and ‘problem solving’. It is also referred to as ‘Machine Intelligence’.
A theorem by Tesler confirms ‘whatever has not been done yet’ is precisely considered as AI. Optical character recognition is an example of one such technology that has been removed from the list of things that includes application of AI. Thus, applications of AI have been in automatic cars, strategic game and comprehension of human speech.
History of Artificial Intelligence
The term artificial intelligence was coined in the year 1956 in New Hampshire’s Dartmouth College. However, the concept of artificial intelligence evolved long back when the Greeks and Chinese were in a position of building automatic machines.
Modern Artificial Intelligence (AI) came into existence with the philosophy of classical philosophers who made attempts of describing human thinking as symbolic system. The period of 1974-80 witnessed a lack of interest and government funding which is known as ‘AI winter’. The British government made attempts at reviving the concept of AI by funding it merely with a view of competing with Japan. Actual research started in 1997 when a computer named Deep Blue beat a chess champion. AI further made its presence felt with the introduction of talking computer in the year 2011.