Ever seen the picture of the solar system and wondered whether humans exist on other planets too? Do you wonder ever wonder how many galaxies similar to ours exist in the Universe? Do you feel you can dedicate your life exploring the space?

Well, buckle up. Time to explore the space.

Space exploration is the discovery and investigation of outer space through various space technologies. Outer space includes various planets, stars, comets, satellites, and some yet undiscovered heavenly bodies. Scientists have been constantly looking towards identifying what else does Universe comprise of. The sole aim of space exploration is to answer various questions about our planet as well as our solar system. Some of us might have wondered how to be a space explorer? How to land ourselves on the surface of those captivating bodies which we merely get to see. How to observe what it’s like to leave your planets?

In order to be an astronaut

  • A bachelor’s degree in engineering, biological science, physical science, computer science or mathematics.
  • Minimum of 3 years of experience (or 1,000 hours of pilot-in-command time in jet aircraft)
  • Candidate must satisfy the requirements of NASA’s physical examination

According to NASA’s records 1:600 is the probable chance of being an astronaut. A selected candidate is required to go through 2 years of basic training under NASA. One also receives basic classroom training about International Space Station and spaceflight. They are also trained to be scuba divers, do military water survival training and undergo several swimming tests. The candidate is also exposed to high and low atmospheric pressures.

There are certain must have skills which an individual is expected to possess. Hence, if one looks forward towards being a space explorer, he/she also should work upon developing these skills over a period of time.


NASA provides an opportunity to those candidates who have leadership skills. Although, leadership is an important skill which every job demands, space explorers should have this adequately. One must look towards grabbing every leadership opportunity and shouldn’t miss out on any. He/ She should have his/her CV indented with leadership qualities.

Exceptional Communication Skills

Communication skill is one of those vital soft skills which space explorers are required to have. Candidates must include any remarkable communication skill on their CV.


Multi-Tasking Skills

Astronauts are multi taskers since they are required to handle several tasks in space. They have to deal with performing experiments, operate International Space station and maintaining equipment. Therefore, any individual who looks towards making a career in this field should be a multi tasker.

Psychologically sound

Individuals should work towards taking care of their psychological conditions, in order to qualify as a candidate suitable to be a space explorer. NASA conducts physical as well as psychological tests too.

Learning to work in groups

One must know to work with people from different backgrounds and cultures. It is an important trait for every astronaut to possess. During the training, an individual is required to stay and deal with people from every background.

Building Core Strength

Along with soft skills, individuals are required to possess physical fitness to build core strength. During space walks, they should be able to move without constrictions and endure microgravity. In zero gravity, muscles and bones fail to support the body, so astronauts must work towards building core muscles.


Have the ability to stay from loved ones

Even after possessing several skills, people fail to stay away from their loved ones. During their training and when they are expected to move to the space, they should learn to control their emotions and be able to stay away from their family and friends.

Handling Pressure well

The outer space may have offer high as well as low pressure, and an individual must learn to deal with it. Pressure here also signifies the mental pressure which one is exposed to while being sent to the space. One should learn to deal with mental pressure subjected to him/her due to the responsibilities burdened him/her.

Swimming requirements

An astronaut candidate must pass a swimming test in his/her first month of training. They are required to swim a pool of 25-meter pool without stopping, followed by swimming the same in a flight suit and tennis shoes.

Yuri Gagarin became the first person to enter space on 9 March 1934, thereby achieving a major milestone in the field of Space Race. He was a Soviet Air Forces pilot and cosmonaut. Followed by him, Alan Shepard, the first American became the second person to land himself in space, while, Neil Armstrong became the first person to set foot on the Moon. Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian to enter space, who might have left the world but won’t leave our hearts until the saying “Saare Jahan se Accha” continues to stir our hearts.


A student of Delhi University pursuing major in Economics. She has been writing for Rancho Labs since late 2019. She has been an content writing intern at startup 201. Believes in being a better version of herself with every passing day. Looking forward to achieving heights and redefining lives of the few she comes across.